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Pasteur

Pasteur

Pasteur's Quadrant: Basic Science and Technological Innovation. Donald E. Stokes

Pasteur's Quadrant: Basic Science and Technological Innovation


Pasteur.s.Quadrant.Basic.Science.and.Technological.Innovation.pdf
ISBN: 0815781776,9780815781776 | 228 pages | 6 Mb


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Pasteur's Quadrant: Basic Science and Technological Innovation Donald E. Stokes
Publisher: Brookings Institution Press




In Pasteur's Quadrant, Donald Stokes outlines the historically different relationships between science and technology. An analysis of IASL Research Forum papers 1998-2009. Pasteur's quadrant: Basic science and technological innovation. This journal are later associated with a patent by their authors, and nearly everything in the journal plausibly discusses something that could be patented; research in this intersection of basic and applied technology is what Stokes famously called “Pasteur's Quadrant. Evidence Based Library and Information Practice (EBLIP), 6(31), pp. Her work generally revolves around the intersection of commercial science, with its secrecy and licenses, and “open science” following the usual academia playbook. Stokes DE: Pasteur's quadrant: Basic science and technological innovation. Eschewing Vannevar Bush's model of separation between 'pure, untainted' research and that influenced by considerations of use, see Donald Stokes' excellent book "Pasteur's Quadrant: Basic Science and Technological Innovation. Innovation, Technology Transfer. Traditional government policies suggest that upstream investment in scientific research is necessary and sufficient to generate technological innovations. "New knowledge can be obtained only through basic scientific research" conducted in universities and research labs, which is then applied to develop new products by the private sector and new and improved weapons by the defense . Donald Stokes (Pascal's Quadrant: Basic Science and Technological Innovation, 1997) stresses work that is motivated by both considerations for use and fundamental understanding. His favorite example of "use-inspired basic research" is Louis Pasteur's repeated success in working on genuine problems such as the spoilage of milk and failures of wine fermentation, to produce basic science breakthroughs about bacterial processes and vaccines.